♦ Notes from the Department Head ♦
Happy New Year!!
Looking back on the past year, there are several positives for the Department. Two outstanding new faculty members joined the department. Dr. Kota Minegishi, specializing in Dairy Production Decision Analytics, and Dr. Christopher Faulk, specializing in Functional Genomics, joined our faculty in August. These new faculty members provide a valuable addition to our teaching, research and extension efforts. Additionally, we are currently conducting a search for a Teaching Assistant Professor in the area of domestic animal behavior/welfare. This individual will enable us to increase our course offerings focusing on these important topics. We also have completed a strategic planning process that provides a "road map" to guide our teaching, research and extension efforts in the next 5 years. Additionally, our undergraduate and graduate teaching efforts continue to be successful with 420 undergraduate students and 45 graduate students enrolled in Animal Science.
The past year brought other changes in Departmental personnel. Dr. Mohamed El Halawani, an internationally known researcher in the area of turkey physiology, retired this year. Dr. El Halawani was a major contributor to our research and teaching efforts. His productive career spanned over 46 years at the University of Minnesota. We wish him the best in his retirement. Kim Reno, who supported various Departmental programs including the undergraduate and graduate programs for the last 19 years, accepted a position in the CFANS student services office. Kim's outstanding dedication and talent and her pleasant personality will be greatly missed.
We look forward to the coming year and the opportunities it provides and we wish all of you a happy and successful New Year!
Dr. William R. Dayton
♦ Teaching Highlights ♦
Large Animal Component Added to CFAN 3510 (Study Abroad-Belize)
This year, the course “From Rainforest to Reef: Wildlife Medicine and Conservation in Belize” (CFAN 3510), will offer a domestic large animal component, in addition to previously offered wildlife and marine animal mini-courses. This new development is a direct result of expressed interest by Animal Science production students during events like the CFANS International Program’s Global Fair held last September.
Belize’s unique dairy industry is definitely one to explore. Students will be able to learn from Belizean animal production professionals and veterinarians who are working with different species of beef cattle, (e.g., Brahman, Nelore, Indu-Brazil) and dairy cattle, which include mainly Holstein and Brown Swiss. They also will tour facilities in Spanish Lookout, which is located in the Cayo District north of San Ignacio. Spanish Lookout is a small community of Mennonites that own and operate Western Dairies, Belize’s only commercial producer of milk, and Quality Poultry Products of Belize, the producer of Belize’s most popular brand, Dis Da Fi Wi Chiken. Belizeans rely on Mennonites for a multitude of goods today, including dairy products, poultry, eggs, rice and furniture.
In addition, a tropical ecology component will also be offered this year. Belize harbors one of greatest concentrations of biodiversity in the world. The country has one of the greatest concentrations of endemic mammals, birds and reptiles in the world, and the largest contiguous forest north of the amazon to harbor them. The Forest Ecology and Conservation module takes place on-site at Las Cuevas Research Station in the Chiquibul Forest of Belize. Students partake in field exercises and participate in ongoing field research projects. Students learn about the range of endemic species ranging from mammals, birds and reptiles to plants and trees.
While the course does impart some forest ecology theory, students' time is primarily spent in the field applying research methods and learning tropical plant and tree identification methods. The course is a joint venture between Friends for Conservation and Development (FCD) and the Wildlife Institute, the Belize Wildlife and Referral Clinic's educational arm. The teaching faculty, Mr. Boris Arevalo, MSc. Forest Ecology, is head of research at FCD and Mr. Justin Ford, MSc Ecological Management, is the director of the Wildlife Institute. Both faculty have taught and conducted research together for 6 years. They both work on the front lines of conservation and are passionate about teaching.
Anyone who is interested in this May Short-term Program, which will be held May 21-June 12, 2016, may contact Melissa Palmer or the CFANS International Programs Office. Graduate students are welcome to apply! Applications are due on February 15, 2016.
♦ News & Announcements ♦
Grant Awarded for Research Project
Dr. Brad Heins is a co-investigator on a $98,405 grant from the Forever Green Initiative. The project is titled "Advanced management practices for enhancing profitability of intermediate wheatgrass". Craig Sheaffer from the Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics is the PI. Additional co-investigators are James Anderson, Jacob Jungers, Walid Sadok and Don Wyne - all are from Agronomy and Plant Genetics.
U of M DDGS Research in the News
USGC Quality Report Includes Info on Low-Oil DDGS
The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) recently concluded its first 2015/2016 Corn Harvest Quality Report roll out in a tour of five cities in Southeast Asia where more than 300 participants enthusiastically took notes and shared the data with their colleagues and counterparts. Dr. Jerry Shurson and Dr. Budi Tangendjaja, a USGC consultant in the region, presented information on prediction equations specifically designed for low-oil DDGS. The presentation was recently mentioned in U.S. Grains Council news. For the full story, see Grains.org. Here is a link to the 2015/2016 Corn Harvest Quality Report.
Research on Oil Content in DDGS Referenced in National Hog Farmer
U.S. ethanol plants have been extracting distillers corn oil during the production of ethanol coproducts leading to highly variable oil and nutrient content in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). This practice has prompted animal nutritionists to investigate the metabolizable energy (ME) content and net energy (NE) content in DDGS, which is used as an energy source in swine diets. Drs. Jerry Shurson, Pedro Urriola and Lee Johnston, and Animal Sciences graduate Fangzhou Wu (MS 2015), have been assessing the ME content of DDGS sources with oil content ranging from less than 5% to greater than 10%. This study was cited in an article titled "Managing DDGS variability". Read the full article online on page 16 of National Hog Farmer's Digital Edition.
Research on Reduced-Oil DDGS for Swine and Poultry in Feedinfo
Dr. Jerry Shurson submitted an article to Feedinfo News Service titled "Assessing the Feeding Value of Reduced-Oil DDGS in Swine and Poultry Feeding Programs". The article discusses the new process technologes that are changing the energy and nutrient composition of corn co-products produced by the U.S. fuel ethanol industry, and methods to assess the nutrient value of those co-products for use in swine and poultry feeds. Partial oil extraction prior to manufacturing distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) has led to increased variability in nutrient content among DDGS sources. Due to this process, livestock nutritionists expect a reduction in the metabolizable energy (ME) content of DDGS. Research indicates that the variability in nutrient content of reduced-oil DDGS can be managed by using ME and digestible amino acid prediction equations. Read the entire Feedinfo article.
Become a Member of the Meat Science Quiz Bowl Team
The U of M Meat Science Quiz Bowl Team is looking for new members to compete in the 2016 Intercollegiate Quiz Bowl Championship that will be held in San Angelo, TX, in June. No previous meat science knowledge is necessary. The team will meet for a few hours once a week at a time that will work for the majority (hopefully all) of the participants. The quiz bowl team is offered as a 2-credit special problems course and the credits will be awarded in the fall of 2016 after completion of the competition. The competition will be held on June 19 in conjunction with the 2016 Reciprocal Meat Conference. The team will be gone June 16-23 (tentatively). For more information, please contact Christina Fehrman (email@example.com) for more information.
Beef Home Study Courses Offered Online
The U of M Extension Beef Team is offering two online Home Study Courses in 2016. "Introduction to Cow/Calf Nutrition" and "Health Management for the Cow/Calf Herd" focus on practical applications through all phases of cow/calf production. Each lesson will include online activities designed to encourage participants to become familiar with electronic resources and an online forum gives participants the opportunity to connect with other producers. The first lessons will be available February 15, 2016 and the following lessons will be posted every 2 weeks. Internet access and Microsoft Office software are required.
Registration is open through February 15th. The course registration fee is $75. Please register online for Introduction to Cow/Calf Nutrition and/or Health Management for the Cow/Calf Herd. Visit the Beef Extension website for further details and a list of lessons offered within each course. Questions may be directed to Nicole Kenney-Rambo at firstname.lastname@example.org or 320-235-0726 ext 2009.
Cow-Calf Days to be Held at 10 Locations
The U of M Extension Beef Team is presenting the 2016 Cow-Calf Days Seminar Tour and Trade Show at 10 locations throughout Minnesota in January and February.
Program topics and speakers:
- Grazinglands of Minnesota by Minnesota Grazinglands Association representatives
- Increasing Feed Calf Value by Dar Geiss, Verified Beef
- Cow/Calf Confinement Systems by Tim Bickett, Hoop Beef Systems
- Trace Mineral Nutrition by Brad DeGroot, MultiMin USA
- Calf Health Protocols by Alfredo DiCostanzo, U of M
Tour schedule and local contacts:
Questions? Please call or email the local contact for the meeting location nearest you for more information.
PorkBridge and SowBridge Program Registration Now Open
The PorkBridge and SowBridge distance education programs provide relevant and accurate information from a variety of university and industry experts. Both programs combine electronic information viewed on a computer with live presentations delivered by teleconference from topic experts. Subscribers receive access to the presentation electronically and at the scheduled time will call-in for the audio portion of each session to follow along with the presentation on their computer. A list of program topics for both PorkBridge and SowBridge can be found on the U of M Swine Extension website. The main difference in the two programs is the intended audience:
PorkBridge is for people involved with grow-finish swine operations. Six sessions are offered every other month throughout the year. All sessions start at noon Central Time and last approximately 90 minutes, which includes time for questions. Cost is $125 for the series, covering supporting materials and one phone line per session.
SowBridge is for people involved with managing or caring for boars, sows, and/or litters. Twelve monthly sessions take place throughout the year. All sessions start at 11:30 a.m. Central Time and last no longer than 60 minutes, which includes time for questions. Cost is $250 for the first registration from an entity and $125 for each subsequent subscription from the same entity. Cost includes supporting materials and phone line access.
"The easiest part of participating is participants don't have to travel to a central meeting location to attend, they can participate from their break room during lunch," says a past SowBridge participant.
These successful distance education programs are scheduled to begin in early February. Register by January 10, 2016 to ensure materials are received for the first sessions; although later registration will still be accepted. Registration details are available on the program brochures: PorkBridge and SowBridge.
PorkBridge and SowBridge are sponsored by a group of 11 university Extension programs with Sarah Schieck and Lee Johnston of the U of M Extension serving as program coordinators. Iowa Pork Industry Center coordinates all registration and subscriber mailings. Questions? Please contact Sarah Schieck, Swine Extension Educator, at email@example.com or 320-235-0726 ext 2004.
Prepare for On-Farm Audit - Attend Common Swine Industry Audit Workshop
Are you and your farm ready for an on-farm audit? Plan to attend a Common Swine Industry Audit (CSIA) workshop to get prepared! U of M Swine Extension is partnering with the Minnesota Pork Board to offer a free workshop to get you prepared for the CSIA. The workshop will be held on January 18, 2016 from 1:00-4:00 p.m. at the Minneapolis Hilton Hotel, Room Marquette IV, 1001 S. Marquette Avenue.
Workshop attendees should bring a laptop computer to work on Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) during the session. There is no cost to attend, but pre-registration is requested by January 14, 2016. Register online or contact Sarah Schieck (firstname.lastname@example.org or 320-235-0726 ext. 2004) to register.
The CSIA workshop will go through the 89 questions of the audit tool, which includes records, documents, and SOPs that need to be available for the audit. Attendees will be provided with a binder and a flash drive, including customizable audit materials for their farms.
Winter Workshop Series for Dairy Producers
Four sessions remain in the Winter Dairy Producer Series presented by McLeod/Sibley County Extension and Minnesota Dairy Profitability Enhancement Program:
- January 14 (7:00-9:30 p.m.) - Women in Agriculture, Crow River Winery & Vineyard, Hutchinson, MN
Sandy Hansen-Wolff, Speaker/Consultant, will discuss re-aligning the desires of the heart with that of your life's work - in both professional and personal life. In addition, Pauline VanNurden, U of M Extension Ag Business Management Educator, will give her perspective on the dairy business and the financial keys to success. Pre-registration is required.
- February 11 (10:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.) - Forage Production Topics for Today's Producers, McLeod County Fairgrounds, Hutchinson, MN
This workshop is designed to address key management issues relating to forage production across Minnesota with a focus on current production and management practices specific to different regions of the state. Pre-registration is requested. The cost is $25.
- March 3 (12:00-3:30 p.m.) - Labor and Farm Vision, Glencoe City Center, Glencoe, MN
Dr. Bob Milligan, Cornell Professor Emeritus and Senior Consultant, will present "Leadership and Planning for a Profitable Tomorrow" drawing from his academic and consulting experiences in challenging producers to proactively and aggressively address the future of their farm. Robert Holcomb, U of M Extension Ag Business Management Educator, will discuss determining the need for hiring farm labor and what to consider when hiring. Pre-registration is required. The cost is $25.
- March 31 (10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.) - Replacement Cost Strategy to Maximize Profit, Sibley County Service Center Meeting Room, Gaylord, MN
Jim Salfer, U of M Extension Regional Dairy Educator, will explore the cost of herd turnover, the economic reality of replacement costs and methods to reduce those costs as well as the use of some of the newer technologies, such as gender selected semen and genomics, that may affect profitability. No charge to attend but pre-registration is required.
Winter Crops Days at 5 Locations in Southern MN
The 2016 Winter Crops Days will be held at 5 locations in Southern Minnesota in January. Speakers from the U of M, U of M Extension, and U of M Southern Research and Outreach Center (ROC) will present topics on controlling giant ragweed and other difficult weeds, forage management, establishing cover crops in a corn-soybean rotation, biology and control of insect pests in corn and soybean, nitrogen management, research updates, and more. The dates and locations are:
- January 13 - Community Center, St. Charles, MN
- January 14 - Community Center, Arlington, MN
- January 14 - Lake Sports Bar & Grill, Lake Crystal, MN
- January 15 - EVENTS, Kasson, MN
- January 15 - Southern ROC, Waseca, MN
The registration fee of $35 includes handouts, refreshments and lunch. Registration begins at 8:30 a.m. at each location. See the Winter Crops Days brochure for more information including agenda and program speakers.
Top Notch Program Lined up for Carver County Dairy Expo
U of M Extension and the Carver County Dairy Core Team is hosting the 24th Annual Carver County Dairy Expo on February 15, 2016 (9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.) at Central High School in Norwood Young America, MN. More than 300 people attend the event representing over 8,000 cows and 24 Minnesota counties. Dairy farmers, students and agriculture professionals use the day to attend education sessions, browse the trade show and network with peers, industry professionals and educators. Everyone enjoys the camaraderie associated with a long-standing event such as this. Here is your opportunity to participate in this tradition!
This year's educational program is top notch:
- Global Observations of the Dairy Industry
- Gary Sipiorski, Dairy Development Manager, Vita Plus Corporation, and Director, Federal Board of Exchange
- Forage Management for High Quality and Maximum Tonnage
- Dr. Dan Undersander, Forage Research and Extension Specialist, University of Wisconsin
- Calf Health and Management
- Dr. Max Thornsberry, Veterinarian and Dairy Technical Specialist, Milk Specialties Global Animal Nutrition and Mid America Veterinary Consulting
- Genomic in Dairy Cattle
- Dr. Matt Boyle, DVM, Veterinarian Dairy Technical Service, Zoetis
- Keeping the Cow in the Barn with Today's Economic Environment
- Jim Salfer, Extension Educator-Dairy Production, U of M Extension
Registration is $10 ($5 for students) at the door. For more information about the 24th Carver County Dairy Expo, contact Abby Neu at email@example.com or 952-492-5386.
Don't Miss the 45th MPF Convention
The Midwest Poultry Federation (MPF) Convention is a widely respected and well-attended poultry industry event, and the largest regional poultry show in the U.S. The 45th annual MPF Convention is taking place March 15-17, 2016, at Saint Paul RiverCentre, in St. Paul, MN.
The 2016 convention features an exceptional education program and trade show, expanded exhibit space, and a multitude of networking opportunities. The program will include sessions on turkey, broiler, egg layer and organic/specialty poultry production with speakers who are experts in their fields. A third exhibit area ('Hall C') has been added allowing for more booth space for companies to share their tools, equipment and expertise with attendees. Convention events include a Welcome Reception (March 15), two 30-minute "Learn and Go" workshops on Veterinary Feed Directives (March 16), Fellowship Breakfast (March 17), and an Omelet Demo and Make-Your-Own Omelet event (March 17).
In addition, the 67th North Central Avian Disease Conference will precede the MPF Convention on March 14-15, and Organic Egg Farmers of America will hold their 5th annual symposium at the Saint Paul RiverCentre on March 15. Separate registration fees apply.
Learn more about the MPF Convention and find additional details online at midwestpoultry.com.
Classes Without Quizzes Seeks Topic/Speaker Suggestions
The next Classes Without Quizzes (CWQ) is coming up on April 2, 2016. CWQ is a half-day learning event created in 2002 to highlight research by CFANS faculty that effects the lives of Minnesotans. In order to increase participation across CFANS Departments, the planning committee is seeking suggestions for dynamic speakers and compelling topics. Here is a list of previous CWQ sessions.
Submit your suggestions soon! Fill out the CWQ Session Suggestion Form at http://z.umn.edu/cwqsessionideas.
Call for OCSA Nominations
Consider submitting a nomination for the 2016 U of M Outstanding Community Service Awards (OCSA). The OCSA recognize faculty, staff, students and University-affiliated community members who have made significant, demonstrable contributions to the public good through research, teaching, and/or public service. There are four OCSA categories: 1) Outstanding Faculty Member Community Service Award; 2) Outstanding Student Community Service Award; 3) Outstanding Staff Community Service Award; and 4) Outstanding Community Partner Service Award. Nominations for awards are due by 5 p.m., Friday, February 12. More information including the full nomination guidelines can be found on the OCSA website.
Mileage Reimbursement Rate Change
Effective January 1, 2016 the new standard business mileage reimbursement rate was changed to $0.54 per mile. Mileage incurred in calendar year 2015 will be reimbursed at the previous mileage rate of $0.575 per mile. The form has been updated in the Forms Library.
- Only current forms will be accepted by our accounting staff. The most current form can be found at U of M Forms Library
- Reimbursements must be submitted within 60 days of the completion of travel or it will not be reimbursed per University policy - see U of M Travel Policy.
- Per diem rates for hotels and meals are posted online here.
- When traveling internationally, ALL employees must register their international travel - see details here.
The Animal Science accounting staff can answer any questions you may have about travel reimbursement rates.
♦ Condolences ♦
Dr. Robert William Berg
Dr. Robert (Bob) William Berg of Minneapolis (formerly of Shoreview) passed away on December 22, 2015, at the age of 98. A private family graveside service was held at Fort Snelling National Cemetery with military honors on December 28th.
Bob was born in Red Wing, MN, and grew up in the Welch/Red Wing area. He graduated from Red Wing High School and attended the U of M where he met his future wife, Hazel Carlson. He served in the Pacific with the Army from 1941 until 1945. After being wounded, he served with the Army at Fitzsimons Hospital in Denver, CO, and was in charge of the Plastic Eye Unit.
Bob earned his BS, MS and PhD degrees at the U of M. After graduating, he went to work in the poultry industry as a hatchery manager. In 1958, he became a Poultry Extension Specialist at the U of M Extension Service. He earned numerous industry awards and accolades before retiring in 1984.
Bob and Hazel enjoyed many years of travel, volunteering at the Swedish Institute in Minneapolis and the Minnesota State Fair, and being active with their church community. Bob also enjoyed working in his garden, at the tree farm and in his woodshop.
See the full obituary here.
♦ Graduate Student Profile ♦
Devi Pangeni is pursuing a PhD in Animal Science focusing on swine nutrition. He is advised by Dr. Samuel K. Baidoo. Devi's PhD research focuses on amino acid nutrition of sows during gestation and lactation titled as "Phase feeding of sows during gestation and lactation and its effect on sow reproductive performance as well piglet growth". Nutrient (amino acids) requirements of sows depends upon the stages of pregnancy and lactation. Phase feeding is a management strategy which provides appropriate nutrients to match the requirements of sow and developing fetuses in gestation and growing piglets during lactation.
Devi is originally from Bharatpur, Nepal, and received his Veterinary Science (BVSc and AH) degrees from the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. He joined the U of M in 2010, and in 2013 graduated with a Master's degree in Animal Science under the supervision of Dr. Samuel K. Baidoo. Devi's Master's thesis was titled "Dietary evaluation of low-oligosaccharide soybean meal in pigs". Working with Dr. Baidoo and colleagues from the Southern Research and Outreach Center has inspired Devi to continue his studies. He is hoping to graduate by summer of 2016 and continue to pursue a future in swine production related endeavors.
Since Devi is interested in understanding different cultures and people, he enjoys traveling and hiking, and watching sports and good movies in his spare time.
♦ Congratulations ♦
Yijie He successfully defended his Master's thesis titled "Identifying the characteristics of slow growing pigs and risk factors associated with slow growth" on November 23rd. Yijie is currently working at Ralco Nutrition in Marshall, MN. Yijie's advisor was Dr. Yuzhi Li.
Nate McDonald accepted a job as a Herd Management Application Specialist with BouMatic LLC based out of Madison, WI. He left his position at the St Paul Campus dairy unit on January 6th and will start his new job on January 18.
Nathan Winter, U of M Extension educator in McLeod and Meeker counties for the last 10 years, received the Extension Educator of the Year award from the Minnesota Farm Bureau. This award recognizes the important role of Extension educators in helping farmers stay up-to-date on new technology and in training future agricultural leaders.
♦ Calendar of Events ♦
- January 2016 -
11, 18, 25 & Feb 1, 8 15 - Online Horse Pasture Establishment & Management Certificate Course. Register online by January 10, 2016. Contact: Krishona Martinson, 612-625-6776.
11 - Winter Dairy Series: Veterinary Feed Directive Rule Changes (noon), UM Extension-Scott County, Jordan, MN. RSVP to: Alison Benson, 952-466-5322.
11 - I-29 Dairy Conference "Moo-University": What is your Pregnant Cow Worth?, Mandan, ND. Please register online.
12 - I-29 Dairy Conference "Moo-University": What is your Pregnant Cow Worth?, Watertown, SD. Please register online.
12-14 - Dairy Strong Conference & Trade Show, Monona Terrace Community & Convention Center, Madison, WI.
13 - I-29 Dairy Conference "Moo-University": What is your Pregnant Cow Worth?, Pipestone, MN. Please register online.
14 - I-29 Dairy Conference "Moo-University": What is your Pregnant Cow Worth?, Orange City, IA. Please register online.
15 - I-29 Dairy Conference "Moo-University": What is your Pregnant Cow Worth?, Norfolk, NE. Please register online.
18 - University closed (Martin Luther King holiday).
19 - Spring break begins.
19-20 - Minnesota Pork Congress, Minneapolis Convention Center, Minneapolis, MN.
25-27 - Midwest Forage Association Symposium '16, Chula Vista Resort, Wisconsin Dells, WI. Contact: Midwest Forage Association, 651-484-3888.
27-29 - 118th Annual Cattle Industry Convention & National Cattlemen's Beef Association Trade Show, San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, CA.
- February 2016 -
2 - Tour de Forage Winter Meeting, The Event Center, Floodwood, MN.
3 - Tour de Forage Winter Meeting, Paul's Par-A-Dice, Albany, MN.
4 - Tour de Forage Winter Meeting, Eagles Club, Rochester, MN.
9-11 - World Ag Expo, International Agri-Center, Tulare CA.
11 - Winter Dairy Series: Forage Production Topics for Today's Producers (10:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.), McLeod County Fairgrounds, Hutchinson, MN. Contact: Nathan Winter, 320-484-4334.
21 - Gopher Dairy Club Annual Banquet (11:30 a.m. Social Hour; 12:30 p.m. Banquet), Ramada Plaza Minneapolis.
- March 2016 -
5 - Horticulture Day, Southern ROC, Waseca, MN.
14 - Winter Dairy Series: Replacement Cost Strategy to Maximize Profit (noon), State Bank of New Prague, New Prague, MN. RSVP to: Alison Benson, 952-466-5322.
14-15 - 67th North Central Avian Disease Conference, Saint Paul RiverCentre, St. Paul, MN.
15 - Organic Egg Farmers of America 6th Annual Symposium (9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.), Saint Paul RiverCentre, St. Paul, MN.
15-17 - 45th Annual Midwest Poultry Federation Convention, Saint Paul RiverCentre, St. Paul, MN.
17-19 - North American Farm & Power Show, Four Seasons Centre, Owatonna, MN.
31 - Winter Dairy Series: Replacement Cost Strategy to Maximize Profit (10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.), Sibley County Service Center, Gaylord, MN. Contact: Nathan Winter, 320-484-4334.
- April 2016 -
2 - 15th Annual Classes Without Quizzes, U of M St. Paul Campus.
11 - Winter Dairy Series: Impact of Soil Fertility on Forage Quality (noon), UM Extension-Scott County, Jordan, MN. RSVP to: Alison Benson, 952-466-5322.
- May 2016 -
- June 2016 -
8-10 - World Pork Expo, Iowa State Fairgrounds, Des Moines, IA.
21 - Agronomy Field Tour, Southern ROC, Waseca, MN.