AnSci Connection - Oct 2016
Notes from the Department Head
Fall Semester is well underway and it is a busy time for students, staff and faculty in the department who are involved in classes and other activities associated with research and Extension.
New Animal Science faculty searches begin this fall! A state investment, known as the Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Technology Transfer Program (AGREETT), will fund two new tenure-track faculty positions in Animal Science. One will be a research/teaching position in the nutrition/microbiome area and the other will be a research/Extension position in the bovine genetics/reproduction area. These new hires will complement existing faculty and will significantly enhance our research, teaching and Extension capabilities.
The 77th MN Nutrition Conference, presented in September by the Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota Extension, was a great success! The conference brings together academic, industry and producer representatives and is designed to provide leading-edge, research-based knowledge to advance sustainable production of beef, dairy, equine, poultry and swine.
Congratulations to the University of Minnesota Dairy Judging Team which placed second in the Collegiate Dairy Cattle Judging Contest at the All American Dairy Show in Harrisburg, PA on September 19! The team is coached by Dr. Leslie Hansen and team members are Ethan Dado, Crystal Siemers-Peterman, Laura Jensen, and Gabriella Sorg.
One of our future goals is to increase the number of undergraduate students in Animal Science that are studying food-producing animals. Over the past few years this number has remained relatively constant while the total number of Animal Science students has increased significantly. Increasing potential students’ awareness of our excellent educational program in food-producing animals and related career opportunities may be one way to accomplish our goal. I would be very interested in your suggestions about how to attract undergraduate students in this area. Please email your suggestions to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wishing you all the best.
Dr. William R. Dayton
Teaching, Research, and Extension Highlights
Faculty member Dr. Brad Heins will be leading a team that has just been awarded a three-year, $1.4 million project to advance animal health on organic farms from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Organic Research and Extension Initiative (OREI). The interdisciplinary team includes Dr. Ulrike Sorge, Assistant Professor, College of Veterinary Medicine; Dr. Pablo Pinedo, Assistant Professor, Colorado State University; and Dr. Hans Coetzee, Professor, Kansas State University.
The collaborative effort will assess innovative preventive and curative approaches for mastitis, lameness, reproductive disorders, calf health, and fly management under field conditions on organic dairies across the nation. Alternative therapies and prevention strategies for common cattle diseases in organic dairy herds will be evaluated on several large organic dairy farms in Colorado, as well as at the U of MN West Central Research and Outreach Center (WCROC) in Morris, MN.
“One of the most frequent questions I get is in regards to organic dairy herd health. Organic producers and veterinarians across the United States have repeatedly expressed the need for evidence-based preventative care when it comes to treating organic dairy animals,” says Dr. Brad Heins, Associate Professor of Dairy Science at the WCROC.
In addition to on-farm research efforts, the research team will create a searchable online database complete with alternative therapies and treatment protocol resources made available for veterinarians. The American Association of Bovine Practitioners strongly supports the project and called the database an “exceptionally valuable resource” for its members.
Organic agriculture is one of the fastest growing sectors of agriculture in the U.S. The U of MN has strong commitment to supporting organic agriculture with nearly 700 acres of certified organic land. Additionally, the WCROC has the largest certified organic dairy herd of any land grant institution in the U.S. This is the second USDA-OREI grant that Dr. Heins has received for improving organic herd health.
Using methods of genetic analysis often used for livestock species, Professor Yang Da, an animal geneticist in the Department of Animal Science, and collaborators at the Minnesota Supercomputer Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University and Chengdu Giant Panda Research Base, recently published two studies on panda inbreeding and relatedness in wild panda populations (panda genomic study ) and on genetic composition of the captive panda population (panda genetic study ).
The panda genomic study found that wild pandas in some regions had higher levels of inbreeding and relatedness, which appeared to be related to habitat loss in those regions. Pandas from the four largest habitats were genetically unrelated, and most pandas separated by 200 kilometers or more shared no common ancestral alleles. The panda genetic study identified underrepresentation of the smallest wild populations in the captive population and proposed three alternative plans of habitat-controlled breeding to increase the genetic contribution of the smallest wild populations to the captive population. The method of analysis for the panda genomic study was genomic relationship calculated from single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, an approach widely used in genomic selection in livestock species; whereas the method of analysis for the panda genetic study was conancestry coefficient, a classical concept in quantitative genetics, and habitat-controlled breeding used an approach similar to selection index that is a classical selection method and is still used today in the form of ‘net merit’ for USDA’s national genetic evaluation in dairy cattle.
Students interested in those methods can learn them from Professor Da’s courses. The computing tools used for implementing the data analysis were fully or partially supported by a USDA/AFRI bioinformatics grant to Professor Da. The panda genomic study was highlighted by the Minnesota Supercomputer Institute , and the panda genetic study was selected as a featured article of BMC Genetics .
1. Garbe, J.R., D. Prakapenka, C. Tan, and Y. Da. 2016. Genomic inbreeding and relatedness in wild panda populations. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0160496. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160496.
2. Yang, J., F. Shen, R. Hou, and Y. Da. 2016. Genetic composition of captive panda population. BMC Genetics: 17(1):1-9. doi: 10.1186/s12863-016-0441-y.
3. Panda Genomics. https://www.msi.umn.edu/content/panda-genomics.
4. Featured Article: Genetic composition of captive panda population. https://bmcgenet.biomedcentral.com/
We are pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. Dennis Bayrock as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Animal Science. Dr. Bayrock is the Global Director of Fermentation Research in Phibrochem’s Ethanol Performance Group. He received his B.S. degree in Microbiology at the University of Alberta (Edmonton, Canada), and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Applied Microbiology and Food Science at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon. He has over 18 years of practical research and international experience in batch and continuous culture fermentation technology in the fuel ethanol industry.
Dennis served as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science at the University of Saskatchewan from 2002-2006, where he was involved in conducting collaborative research, teaching courses (Introduction to Microbiology lecture and lab, Industrial Microbiology, and a graduate course in Fuel Alcohol Technology), and served as co-advisor and committee member for graduate students. He has co-authored numerous book chapters, peer-reviewed scientific and teaching publications, conference proceedings, and popular press articles involving fermentation microbiology and fuel ethanol production. His publications have been cited 2,873 times (from 2000 - 2013) based on the Scopus citation summary. He has also given over 46 presentations at national conferences and ethanol industry workshops. Dr. Bayrock directs the research and development program in PhibroChem’s Ethanol Performance group lab in St. Paul, MN.
Dr. Bayrock will collaborate on a number of research projects involving antibiotic use, inactivation kinetics, risk assessment, and bacterial contamination mitigation strategies in fuel ethanol production with Dr. Jerry Shurson and faculty in the Integrated Animal Systems Biology Team (Drs. Urriola, Saqui-Salces, Chen, and Faulk). Dennis will also participate in the Animal Systems Biology Journal Club and will serve as a mentor for graduate students and committee members. He looks forward to opportunities to engage with undergraduate students and provide guest lectures and seminars in Animal Science and other Departments in CFANS. Dennis plans to be on campus 1 day/week and his office is located in 335e An Sci/Vet Med Bldg. Welcome Dennis!
4-H uses a wide variety of educational experiences to focus on fourfold development of youth and adults, and the Minnesota State Fair is the largest activity of the education program year. The education objective of the State Fair 4-H Program is to provide youth and adults the opportunity to interrelate experiences and to enhance individual development. U of MN Extension and Department of Animal Science faculty members support these objectives by offering dairy workshops and assisting in youth development activities.
This year the 2016 4-H State Fair Dairy Encampment had 419 participants. As part of the experience participants are required to attend one of eight educational workshops on the St. Paul Campus taught by volunteers and U of MN Extension and faculty members including Jim Salfer, Tony Seykora, Marcia Endres, Brenda Miller and Emily Wilmes. Jim Salfer developed and organized a case study about a Minnesota dairy farm for the advanced students (grades 12 and 13), Betty Berning conducted the final interviews, and Jim Paulson assisted with scoring and tabulating the leadership scorecard for the dairy showcase. The goals for this specific educational program are to provide an impactful educational experience for the participants and expose 4-H dairy participants to faculty and the University of Minnesota campus. Brenda Miller conducted an evaluation of the workshop and on scale of 1 to 10 (1= not good, 10 = exceptional), 72% of participants rated the program ≥8. Tony Seykora and Jim Salfer served as co-chairs for the workshops.
Poultry U strives to provide information on all aspects of the poultry industry through U of MN Extension services. To expand outreach, Poultry U is launching a new series of webinars focused on small and backyard flocks. Topics range from avian genetics to safe handling of eggs to poultry medications. View full list of webinar topics and information on participating here: http://www.poultryu.umn.edu/webinars.
Producers and industry professionals are invited to attend the I-29 Moo University, Dairy Extension Tour in Central Minnesota October 26th, 2016. “How can I survive… MOOving forward?” tour will showcase two West Central Minnesota farms that are developing business strategies for the future.
Riverview Farms, LLP is a multi-site farm with locations throughout the I29 region. They also raise their own replacements and finish their steers. Riverview have been successful in developing a high quality engaged work force. Reahead Creamery, LLC is a multi-generation farm with an on-farm cheese plant to add value to their milk. They have developed unique cheeses and a successful marketing plan.
“This tour highlights two farms with unique business approaches and provides an opportunity to discuss keys to making their business models successful. Additionally, we will examine the planning that went into the growth of these dairy businesses,” explained Tracey Erickson, SDSU Extension Dairy Field Specialist. “Additionally, we will have a couple of short presentations at noon lunch pertaining to market outlook and research regarding the U of M conventional and organic dairy herds,” according to Erickson
Busses will be leaving from Southeast Minnesota and Watertown Minnesota. For details and registration information visit http://z.umn.edu/i29tour. To register for the Minnesota bus, please contact Jim Paulson at email@example.com or call 507.280.2871.
For general questions, contact Tracey Erickson at Tracey.Erickson@sdstate.edu
News and Announcements
This past Monday, October 17, 2016, Animal Science PhD student Michaela Trudeau presented alongside food industry leaders and University of Minnesota food and agricultural scientists at the College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences’ “9 Billion and Counting”. The event focused on discussions with global food experts including a keynote address by 2016 World Food Prize Laureate Jan Low from the International Potato Center.
Truedeau recently completed a masters program at the University of Minnesota in swine nutrition with continued research in Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus and other swine coronavirus survivability in feed and feed ingredients. In addition to the PEDV research, Mickie traveled to the Norwegian University of Life Sciences where she spent a few months assisting in a project evaluating the use of rapeseed in the Norwegian swine diet. She is currently transitioning into a PhD program at the University of Minnesota under Drs. Gerald Shurson and Pedro Urriola. Her project will focus on investigating the use of antibiotics in swine production systems.
Trudeau and eight other CFANS Global Security Impacts speakers each gave a five minute presentation of their area of expertise and research related to global food security. Topics ranged from using big data to improve crop performance to enhancing soil fertility through microbial processes. Trudeau focused on myths surrounding animal agriculture.
“The problems and solutions that we are facing are complex,” says Trudeau. “This is not something that’s going to fit neatly into a headline. There are lots of pieces to take into account with global sustainability. Animal agriculture is an important piece to feeding the world.”
To view Michaela's presentation, go to our Facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/umnanimalscience/videos/531092537101269/
Learn more about the event and other speakers here: http://www.cfans.umn.edu/9billion
Talking their way to 1st overall in oral reasons, the University of Minnesota team placed 2nd overall in the collegiate dairy judging contest held September 19 at the All American Dairy Show, Harrisburg, PA. This is the 3rd year in a row the University of Minnesota has placed either 1st or 2nd in the Harrisburg contest.
Amazingly, the team was 1st by a 16-point margin in oral reasons, with the team averaging a full point higher per oral presentation than the 2nd oral reasons team, which was Penn State. University of Minnesota contestants were 1st, 3rd, and 4th individually in oral reasons.
The team members were Ethan Dado, Amery, WI (2nd individual overall, 4th reasons, 3rd Holstein, 5th Jersey, 6th Guernsey); Crystal Siemers-Peterman, Cleveland, WI (6th overall, 1st reasons, 1st Brown Swiss, 6th Ayrshire); Laura Jensen, Comstock, WI (11th overall, 3rd reasons, 2nd Ayrshire, 10th Brown Swiss); and Gabriella Sorg, Hastings, MN (16th overall, 1st Guernsey). The team also placed 2nd in the Brown Swiss breed, 3rd in Ayrshire, 4th in Jersey, and 5th in Holstein. Coaches for the Minnesota team are Dr. Les Hansen, alumni Scott Ellinghuysen and Alicia Thurk, and graduate student Eric Houdek.
Thirteen 4-year universities competed, and the team ranking was: 1. Kentucky (2053 pts), 2. Minnesota (2036), 3. UW-River Falls (2015), 4. Penn State (2009), 5. Cornell (1963), 6. Tarleton State (1949), 7. Michigan State (1944), 8. Purdue (1936), 9. UW-Madison (1927), 10. Virginia Tech (1915), 11. Colorado State (1892), 12. Ohio State (1861), 13.West Virginia (1736).
The University of Minnesota’s dairy cattle judging team did it again! It placed 1st overall in the national intercollegiate contest for a second year in a row on October 3 at World Dairy Expo, Madison, WI. The Minnesota team was also 1st in Ayrshire, 2nd in Holstein, 2nd in Red & White, and 4th in Milking Shorthorn. Furthermore, team members place 2nd overall in oral reasons with all four team members among the top 8 individually.
University of Minnesota team members were Dane Thompson, Turtle Lake, WI; Crystal Siemers-Peterman, Cleveland, WI; Ethan Dado, Amery, WI; and Gabriella Sorg, Hastings, MN. Individually, Thompson was 2nd overall, 7th in reasons, 2nd in Guernsey, 2nd in Holstein, and 5th in Ayrshire. Siemers-Peterman was 11th overall, 4th in reasons, 3rd in Ayrshire, and 3rd in Red & White. Dado was 15th overall, 8th in reasons, and 4th in Ayrshire, and Sorg was 16th overall, 6th in reasons, 1st in Holstein, and 4th in Red & White.
Coaches for the University of Minnesota’s dairy cattle judging team were Dr. Les Hansen, Scott Ellinghuysen, Alicia Thurk, and Eric Houdek. Seventy-three 4-year collegiate students competed in the contest.
Team rank: 1. MINNESOTA, 2. UW-Madison, 3. Cornell, 4. Iowa State, 5. Penn State, 6. UW-River Falls, 7. Cal Poly, 8. Virginia Tech, 9. Oklahoma State, 10. Purdue, 11. Kansas State, 12. Michigan State, 13. UW-Platteville, 14. Kentucky, 15. Tarleton State, 16. Ohio State, 17. North Dakota State, 18. West Virginia, 19. Colorado State.
The 77th installment of the Minnesota Nutrition Conference was held September 21 and 22 at Mystic Lake Casino Hotel. Over 270 people attended the conference motivated by topics delivered by world-class speakers—a new record in attendance considering the last 15 years of the conference. The main theme for the general session was on “Successful Outcomes Amidst New Antibiotics Regulations”. Speakers were tasked to deliver information on subjects related to the transition to a world with increasing antibiotic feeding restrictions: from what the future may look like without use of antibiotics in animal production, to understanding how probiotics may help reduce antibiotic use, to what strategies we currently can deploy by improving management to reduce antibiotic use. The program ended with a review of what the dairy industry may look like in 2030.
During the second day, the conference was split into 3 sessions: ruminant, non-ruminant and equine. Speakers for those sessions covered topics related to feeding and managing dairy and beef cattle, pigs, poultry and horses in a manner consistent with prudent antibiotic use, coupling corn crop harvest end point and residue use to dairy and beef production systems, manipulating functional food profile of meat and milk through diet, developmental programming, use of novel additives in lieu of antibiotics, and amino acid nutrition of these species.
For the first time, the Minnesota Nutrition Conference convened a graduate student poster competition. Students were asked to submit posters they may have or will present at an animal or poultry science conference. A panel of 6 judges (4 from industry) reviewed and ranked posters and accompanying abstracts based on scientific soundness, originality, applicability to industry, and presentation. Eight students, 7 from the University of Minnesota and 1 from South Dakota State University, competed. Cash awards were given to the 3 top ranked posters: Divek N.T. Nair, advised by Dr. Anup Kollanoor Johny, placed first, followed by second place Michaela Trudeau, advised by Drs. Jerry Shurson and Pedro Urriola, and Haley Larson, advised by Drs. Marshall Stern and Alfredo DiCostanzo. The Midwest Chapter of ARPAS sponsored the cash awards and also awarded an extra cash award to the top ranking poster submitted by a graduate student who is a member of ARPAS.
In the photos with the poster winners are: John Goihl and Alfredo DiCostanzo co-chairs of MNC Planning Committee (on left side of photo); Randy Walker, President, CEO of DPI Global and Past President (2016) of ARPAS Midwest Chapter, and Rick Bonander, Business Manager, Upper Midwest for Adisseo (both on right side of photo).
1st place ($500): Divek V.T. Nair, advised by Anup Kollanoor Johnny in monogastric nutrition
|2nd place ($200): Michaela P. Trudeau, advised by Gery Shurson and Pedro Urriola in monogastric nutrition||3rd place ($100): Haley Larson, advised by Marshall D. Stern and A. DiCostanzo in ruminant nutrition|
Preceding the conference, our gracious sponsor and partner, Evonik, held a pre-conference symposium on Amino Acid Nutrition in Today’s Environment. Speakers for that symposium were tasked to deliver topics on balancing amino acid supply of diets in dairy cattle, poultry and pigs followed by an excellent discussion on diet mixer accuracy.
Please make plans to attend the 78th Minnesota Nutrition Conference in 2017. Due to remodeling at the current venue, the conference will be held at the Mankato City Center Hotel on September 20 and 21, 2017. Look for preliminary information about the conference and speakers by May 2017. Also, if you have ideas for topics or speakers for the general session or the ruminant and non-ruminant sessions, please be sure to contact Alfredo DiCostanzo (firstname.lastname@example.org) or John Goihl (email@example.com).
The U of M Meat Science Deer Processing Workshop on October 29, 2016 will focus on hands-on demonstrations of all aspects of venison processing, from field dressing deer, to carcass fabrication, further processing, food safety, and cookery methods. In addition to viewing live demonstrations, attendees will have the opportunity to participate first-hand in the fabrication of fresh venison products. The agenda includes:
Field Dressing - In-person demonstration with Dr. Ryan Cox and Tristan McNamara, U of M Meat Science
Proper Knife Maintenance and Sharpening - Dr. Ryan Cox
Carcass Fabrication - Hands-on experience for workshop participants, supervised by U of M Meat Science
Sausage and Jerky - In-person demonstration with Dr. Ryan Cox and Tristan McNamara
Food Safety in the Field and Home - Carissa Nath, Agriculture Utilization Research Institute
Culinary Applications for Venison - A demonstration followed by product tasting with Scott Pampuch, District Executive Chef, U of M
The Deer Processing Workshop will be held in the Andrew Boss Laboratory of Meat Science (ABLMS) on the U of M St. Paul Campus. The registration fee of $175 per person includes lunch, workshop binder with all presented material, Minnesota Meat Science hat, refreshments throughout the workshop, and access to industry and academic professionals. Registration is limited to 24 participants. Register online by October 27, 2016 here: www.regonline.com/deerprocessing. For further information, please contact Dr. Ryan Cox (612-624-3063 or firstname.lastname@example.org).
Recruitment for the 2017 Center of Excellence Scholarship and Internship Program (COE) is underway as representatives start to attend career fairs to expose students to the benefits COE has to offer.
COE offers strong, research-based poultry science education followed by a paid internship. Dates for the 2017 COE classes are May 15 - June 23. This allows for longer internships with Midwest Poultry Consortium (MPC) member companies. Internships are a vital component of the COE experience and provides hands-on knowledge for students interested in a career within the poultry industry.
If interested in being a part of COE or know of a student who would be a good candidate, please apply here. The COE application is due December 5, 2016.
Alltech® Student Ambassador Program: Alltech® Wisconsin is seeking a student interested in being an Alltech® Ambassador. The selected Ambassador will play a pivotal role in agriculture advocacy as they connect with others on their campus to tell Alltech’s story of feeding the world. The online application can be found by following the link below.
Alltech® Young Scientist Program: Alltech® Young Scientist (AYS) Program features the world’s largest agriscience competition. It offers the brightest scientific thinkers from colleges and universities across the globe an opportunity to compete at the highest level and be rewarded for their innovative research. Students are encouraged to join Alltech® in pursuit of solutions in animal health and nutrition, crop science, agriculture analytical methods, food chain safety and traceability, human health and nutrition and other agriscience-related sectors, while also gaining valuable experience with the company’s global team. More information about the AYS program can be found by following the link below.
Graduate Student Spotlights
Justin Siewert is currently pursuing his Master’s with an emphasis on automatic milking systems. He is advised by Dr. Marcia Endres. His project entails looking at factors affecting productivity of robotic milking systems.
Born and raised in Zumbro Falls, Minnesota, he grew up on a family dairy farm where his passion for dairy cattle began, so it’s no surprise his favorite food is ice cream. (Schwann’s vanilla ice cream with fresh strawberries in fact.) Justin plays a big role in his community by volunteering with 4-H, participating in his church group and is involved in the Graduate Club as well.
Mickie Trudeau defended her master’s degree in September and is now pursuing a Ph.D. degree in swine nutrition. She is advised by Drs. Gerald Shurson and Pedro Urriola.
Mickie is from Hastings, Minnesota and received her bachelor's degree in Animal Science from the University of Minnesota. Her master's project focused on the survival of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus and other swine Coronaviruses in feed and feed ingredients. During her time as a master’s student, Mickie received the Outstanding Master's Student of the Year award and the MnDRIVE Global Food Ventures fellowship. In addition to her work in research, Mickie was also elected as the graduate director for the Midwest region of the American Society of Animal Science.
In her free time, she enjoys riding her horses, gardening, and baking.
Congratulations to the following graduate students who gave their final defense and passed this past month!
- Paula Silva Basso (Ph.D.), advised by Dr. Ricardo Chebel and Dr. Marcia Endres
- Ping Ren (Ph.D.), advised by Dr. Samuel Baidoo
Congratulations to graduate students Haley Larson and Tyler Johnson on their wedding! The couple was married earlier this month.
Calendar of Events
October 15 -22, 2016 – U of M Homecoming
Brighten your favorite professor's day!
Send a Gopher Gram to a CFANS faculty or staff member - your note and some sweet treats will be delivered by Goldy during Homecoming week. Deadline of Oct 17.
Serve your community!
Join fellow CFANS alumni on October 15 for the U of M Day of Service. Plant trees in St. Paul, pack food with Feed My Starving Children, or join one of 20 available service sites.
Attend the St. Paul Corn Roast!
A new tradition on the St. Paul campus on Thur, Oct 20: free corn while supplies last, yard games, and outdoor yoga.
Watch the parade!
Get food and watch the parade on Friday, Oct 21 at the 5th annual CFANS Beer & Brats Parade Party at the Bell Museum. FREE admission, brats & veggie burgers, a cash bar, and premium parade viewing space from the Bell's lawn on University Avenue.
Join the parade!
Join the CFANS float in the Homecoming Parade and rep your college and major.
October 19-22, 2016 - 89th National FFA Convention & Expo, Indianapolis, IN
October 25-30, 2016 - American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA) Convention, Hilton Austin Airport Hotel, Austin, TX
October 27-18, 2016 – Healthy Food Summit, Commons Hotel, Minneapolis, MN
November 1-4, 2016 - 31st ADSA Discover Conference on Food Animal Agriculture: Big Data Dairy Management, Hilton Chicago/Oak Brook Hills Resort & Conference Center, Oak Brook, IL
April 11-14, 2017 - MN Dairy Health Conference, Continuing Education and Conference Center, St. Paul, MN
May 30-June 1, 2017 - 32nd ADSA Discover Conference on Food Animal Agriculture: Dairy Replacement Heifers - Transitioning from Weaning through First Lactation, Eaglewood Resort & Spa, Itasca, IL
June 25-28, 2017 - ADSA Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA