Bradley J. Heins - Publications

Refereed Articles

Sorge, U.S., R.D. Moon, L. Wolff, I. Michels, S. Schroth, D. Kelton, and B. Heins. 2016. Management practices on organic and conventional dairy herds in Minnesota. J. Dairy Sci. 99: 3183-3192.

Heins, B.J. and H. Chester-Jones. 2015. Effect of feeding kelp on growth and profitability of group-fed calves in an organic production system. Prof. Anim. Sci. 31:368-374.

Sorge, U.S., R.D. Moon, B. Stromberg, S. Schroth, L. Michels, L. Wolff, D. Kelton, and B. Heins. 2015. Parasites and parasite management practices of organic and conventional dairy herds in Minnesota. J. Dairy Sci. 98:3143-3151.

Sharifi, M., A. Akbar Khadem, B.J. Heins, R. Pahlavan, and M. Sofidaze. 2015. Effect of forage feeding level on performance, meat quality, and economic cost of Holstein beef calves fed an organic diet. Iranian J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 5(2) 265-272.

Sharifi, M., A. Akbar Khadem, B.J. Heins, R. Pahlavan, and M. Safdari. 2015. The effect of weaning age on performance and economics of Holstein calves reared under organic farming systems. Iranian J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 5(1) 29-33.

Bjorklund, E.A., B.J. Heins, A. DiCostanzo, and H. Chester-Jones. 2014. Fatty acid profiles, meat quality, and sensory attributes of organic versus conventional dairy-beef steers. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (3):1828-1834.

Bjorklund, E.A., B.J. Heins, A. DiCostanzo, and H. Chester-Jones. 2014. Growth, carcass characteristics, and profitability of organic versus conventional dairy-beef steers. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (3):1817-1827.

Buckley, F., N. Lopez-Villalobos, and B.J. Heins. 2014. Crossbreeding: Implications for dairy cow fertility and survival. Animal 8:122-133.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, A.J. Seykora, and L.B. Hansen. 2014. Production, fertility, survival, and body measurements of Montbeliarde-sired crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins during their first 5 lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 97: 2512-2525.

Bjorklund, E.A., B.J. Heins, and H. Chester-Jones. 2013. Whole milk feeding duration, calf growth, and profitability of group-fed calves in an organic production system. J. Dairy Sci. 96:7363-7370.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, A.J. Seykora, and L.B. Hansen. 2013. Montbéliarde-sired crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins for dry matter intake, production, and body traits during the first 150 days of first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 96:1915-1923.

Becker, J.C., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2012. Costs for health care of Holstein cows selected for large versus small body size. J. Dairy Sci. 95:5384-5392.

Heins, B.J. and L.B. Hansen. 2012. Short communication: Fertility, somatic cell score, and production of Normande × Holstein, Montbeliarde × Holstein, and Scandinavian Red × Holstein crossbreds versus pure Holsteins during their first five lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 95:918-924.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A. De Vries. 2012. Survival, lifetime production, and profitability of Normande × Holstein, Montbeliarde × Holstein, and Scandinavian Red × Holstein crossbreds versus pure Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 95:1011-1021.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2012. Short communication: Jersey × Holstein crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins for body weight, body condition score, fertility, and survival during the first three lactations. J Dairy Sci. 95:4130-4125.

Blöttner, S., B.J. Heins, M. Wensch-Dorendorf, L.B. Hansen, and H.H. Swalve. 2011. Brown Swiss x Holstein crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins for calving traits, body weight, backfat thickness, fertility, and body measurements. J. Dairy Sci. 94:1058-1068.

Blöttner, S., B.J. Heins, M. Wensch-Dorendorf, L.B. Hansen, and H.H. Swalve. 2011. Short communication: A comparison between purebred Holstein and Brown Swiss × Holstein cows for milk production, somatic cell score, milking speed, and udder measurements in the first 3 lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 94:5212-5216.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, A.R. Hazel, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2011. Jersey × Holstein crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins for production, mastitis, and body measurements during the first 3 lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 94:501-506.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2010. Birth traits of pure Holstein calves versus Montbeliarde-sired crossbred calves. J. Dairy Sci. 93:2293-2299.

Attalla, S.A., A.J. Seykora, J.B. Cole, and B.J. Heins. 2010. Genetic parameters of milk ELISA scores for Johne's disease. J. Dairy Sci. 93(4):1729-1735.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, A.R. Hazel, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2008. Crossbreds of Jersey × Holstein compared with pure Holsteins for body weight, body condition score, dry matter intake, and feed efficiency during the first one hundred fifty days of first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 91:3716-3722.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, J.G. Linn, J.E. Romano, and A.R. Hazel. 2008. Crossbreds of Jersey × Holstein compared with pure Holsteins for production, fertility, and body and udder measurements during first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 91:1270-1278.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Calving difficulty and stillbirths of Pure Holsteins versus crossbreds of Holstein with Normande, Montbéliarde, and Scandinavian Red. J. Dairy Sci. 89:2805-2810.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Fertility and survival of pure Holsteins versus crossbreds of Holstein with Normande, Montbéliarde, and Scandinavian Red. J. Dairy Sci. 89:4944-4951.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Production of pure Holsteins versus crossbreds of Holstein with Normande, Montbéliarde, and Scandinavian Red. J. Dairy Sci. 89:2799-2804.

Reneau, J.K., A.J. Seykora, B.J. Heins, M.I. Endres, R.J. Farnsworth, and R.F. Bey. 2005. Association between hygiene scores and somatic cell scores in dairy cattle. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 227:1297-1301.

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Invited Papers, Conference Proceedings, Research Reports

Heins, B.J. 2015. Effect of growth, meat quality, profitability, and consumer acceptability or organically raised dairy-beef steers. Proc. Organic Agriculture Res. Symp., LaCrosse, WI. Feb. 26.
Online only: http://eorganic.info/node/12972

Heins, B.J. 2015. Practical information on dairy precision technologies - Real-world examples. Proc. North Dakota State Dairy Conv., Mandan, ND. Nov. 3.

Ferris, C.P., B.J. Heins, and F. Buckley. 2014. Crossbreeding in dairy cattle: Pros and cons. Proc. 32nd Western Canadian Dairy Sem., Red Deer, Alberta, Canada. March 11-14.
http://www.wcds.ca/proc/2014/

Heins, B.J. 2014. Bridging the summer slump with warm season grasses and seasonal changes in forage quality of pastures. Proc. 75th Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Prior Lake, MN. Sep. 17-18. p. 178-179.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A. R. Hazel. 2014. Fertility and production of 3-breed and third generation Holstein-sired crossbreds compared to pure Holstein cows in a seasonal pasture production system. 10th World Cong. on Genetics Applied to Livestock Prod., Vancouver, Canada. Contribution 838.

Heins, B.J. 2013. Feeding the organic dairy herd during 2013 and beyond. Proc. Four-State Dairy Nutrition and Management Conf., Dubuque, IA, June 12-13, 2013, pp. 44-50.

Heins, B.J. 2013. Organic dairy cattle management and nutrition. Proc. 74th Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Prior Lake, MN, Sep. 17-18, 2013, pp. 178-179.

Heins, B.J. and J.C. Paulson. 2013. Estimating pasture forage mass for pasture-based dairy production systems with precision dairy technology. Proc. Precision Dairy Conf. and Expo, Rochester, MN, June 26-27, 2013, pp. 139-140.

Becker, J., B. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2012. Costs for health care of Holstein cows selected for large of small body size. Proc. University of Minnesota Virtual Dairy Days. March 7, 2012. pp. 32-33.

Heins, B. 2012. Development and challenges of the organic dairy industry. Proc. 2012 Minnesota Dairy Health Conf., Bloomington, MN. May 23-24, 2012. pp. 89-100.

Heins, B.J. 2012. Group feeding calves for low-input dairy systems. Proc. University of Minnesota Virtual Dairy Days. March 7, 2012. pp. 27-28.

Heins, B.J. 2012. Nutrition for grazing dairy cattle in Minnesota. Proc. 73rd Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Owatonna, MN. Sep. 18-19, 2012. pp. 33-34.

Heins, B. 2012. Pasture and grazing management. Proc. 2012 Minnesota Dairy Health Conf., Bloomington, MN. May 23-24, 2012. pp. 76-87.

Boody, G., A. Jaradat, J. Westra, P. Wymar, D. Johnson, B. Heins, S. Chintawar, K. Olson., T. VanDerPol, and J. Ahlers-Ness. 2011. The Chippewa 10% Project: Making needed ecosystem services pay in an agricultural watershed. Soil and Water Conservation Society Mtg., Washington, DC. July 17-20, 2011. p. 25.

Hazel, A., L. Hansen, B. Heins, A. Seykora, and J. Linn. 2011. Montbeliarde-sired crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins for body size, dry matter intake, and profit during the first 150 days of first lactation. Proc. 72nd Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Owatonna, MN. Sep. 20-21, 2011. pp. 69-70.

Heins, B. 2011. Crossbreeding dairy cattle for improved milk production on pasture. Proc. 2011 Video Conference: Grazing Research for Minnesota's Future. Dec. 8, 2011. pp. 25-32.

Heins, B.J. 2011. Group feeding calves for an organic production system. Proc. 72nd Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Owatonna, MN. Sep. 20-21, 2011. pp. 74-75.

Heins, B.J. 2010. Impact of crossbreeding on profitability of dairying. Proc. 71st Minnesota Nutrition Conf., Owatonna, MN. Sep. 21-22, 2010. pp. 46-47.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2010. Survival, fertility, and production of Normande x Holstein, Montbeliarde x Holstein, and Scandinavian Red x Holstein crossbreds cows compared to pure Holstein cows. 9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Leipzig, Germany. Communication 843.

Hansen, L. and B. Heins. 2009. Crossbreeding in dairy cattle. Proc. 2009 Minnesota Dairy Health Conf., St. Paul, MN. May 17-19, 2009. pp. 58-72.

Hansen, L.B. and B.J. Heins. 2008. Genetics is crucial for fertility of high-producing dairy cows: The ABC's of purebreeding and crossbreeding. Proc. 3rd Annual I-29 Dairy Conf. "Breed for Success". pp. 43-58.

Heins, B.J. and L.B. Hansen. 2008. Survival of crossbreds versus pure Holsteins from calving to first observation for milk recording and during the first 305 days of first lactation. Univ. of Minnesota Rep. on Res. 2 pages. Online version (.pdf)

Heins, B.J. 2007. Impact of an old technology on profitable dairying in the 21st century. 4th Biennial W.E. Peterson Symposium, Crossbreeding of Dairy Cattle: The Science and the Impact, St. Paul, MN. April 2, 2007. pp. 7-19.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2007. The California experience of mating Holstein cows to A.I. sires from the Swedish Red, Norwegian Red, Montbeliarde, and Normande breeds (updated July 2007). Univ. of Minnesota Rep. on Res. pp. 1-18. Online version (.pdf)

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2007. The California experience of mating Holstein cows to A.I. sires from the Swedish Red, Norwegian Red, Montbeliarde, and Normande breeds. Proc. 2007 North Dakota Ext. Dairy Cow College. pp. 1-18.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Fertility and survival during first lactation of crossbred dairy cows sired by bulls from Swedish, Norwegian, and French Red breeds compared to pure Holstein cows. 8th World Cong. on Genetics Applied to Livestock Prod., Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Aug. 2006.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Results from mating Holstein cows to sires from Normande, Montbéliarde, and Scandinavian Red breeds. 2006 Svensk Avel Distributors Conf., Skara, Sweden, Sep. 1-11, 2006.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. The California experience with crossbreeding Holsteins with A.I. sire from Scandinavia and France. 2005 G.A. Conf., Australia. pp. 1-18.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreeding trials in California. 2005 International Red Cow Conf., South Africa. pp. 1-11.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreeding: Why the interest? What to expect? Proc. 2005 Florida Dairy Production Conf. pp. 14-20.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreeding: Why the interest? What to expect? Proc. Four-State Dairy Management Conf. pp. 1-18.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Is Crossbreeding the answer for reproductive problems of dairy cattle? Proc. Southwest Nutrition Conf. pp. 113-118.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2004. Crossbreeding - International experience. Proc. 2004 Teagasc Natl. Dairy Conf., Ireland. pp. 100-106.

Heins, B.J., D.G. Johnson, J.G. Linn, W.P. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, and L.B. Hansen. 2004. Crossbreeding at the University of Minnesota. Proc. 2004 Minnesota Dairy Days. pp. 32-34.

Hansen, L.B., B.J. Heins, and A.J. Seykora. 2003. Comparison of Normande-Holstein crossbreds with pure Holsteins and Normande-Jersey crossbreds with pure Jerseys during first lactation. International Normande Conf., Paris, France. pp. 1-8.

Reneau, J.K., A.J. Seykora, B.J. Heins, R.F Bey, and R.J. Farnsworth. 2003. Relationship of cow hygiene scores and SCC. Proc. 2003 Minnesota Dairy Days. pp. 52-53.

Reneau, J.K., A.J. Seykora, B.J. Heins, R.F Bey, and R.J. Farnsworth. 2003. Relationship of cow hygiene scores and SCC. Proc. Natl. Mastitis Council Annual Mtg., Technology Transfer Session. Feb. 2003. p. 362.

Seykora, A.J. and B.J. Heins. 2003. Limiting factors for more profitable dairy cows in the United States. Proc. of the Natl. Dairy Genetics Workshop honoring Dr. Ben McDaniel, Raleigh, NC. Oct. 20-21, 2003. pp. 45-49.

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Extension Publications

Hazel, A., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2016. Comparison of Montbeliarde × Holstein and Viking Red × Holstein crossbreds with pure Holstein cows during first lactation in 8 commercial dairies in Minnesota. UMN Rep. on Res. pp. 1-10.
http://www.ansci.umn.edu/research/crossbreeding-dairy-cattle

Heins, B. 2015. Are organic dairy farms profitable and viable? UMN Dairy Ext. Nov. 28.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/are-organic-farms-profitable-viable/

Heins, B. 2015. Plan your forage supply for summer grazing. UMN Dairy Ext. April 11.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/forages/plan-your-forage-supply-for-summer-grazing/

Heins, B. 2015. Rumination sensors in a grazing system. UMN Dairy Ext. Feb. 14.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/precision-dairy/rumination-sensors-in-a-grazing-system/

Heins, B. 2015. Sorghum-Sudangrass and Teff as summer forages for livestock systems. UMN Forage Quarterly (January).
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/forages/variety-selection-and-genetics/sorghum-sudangrass-teff-summer-forage/

Heins, B. and J. Paulson. 2015. Evaluation of cover crops for grazing systems. UMN Forage Quarterly (Summer).
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/forages/variety-selection-and-genetics/cover-crop-grazing-evaluation/

Heins, B. 2014. Considerations for out-wintering the dairy herd. UMN Dairy Ext. Dec. 13.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/facilities/considerations-for-out-wintering-the-dairy-herd/

Heins, B. 2014. Crossbreeding – Implications for dairy cow fertility and survival. UMN Dairy Ext. April 26.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/reproduction-and-genetics/cross breeding-implications-for-dairy-cow-fertility-and-survival/

Heins, B. 2014. Monitoring water and energy usage on dairy farms. UMN Dairy Ext. Sep. 27.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/facilities/monitoring-water-and-energy-usage/

Heins, B. 2014. Plan now for summer forages and grazing. UMN Dairy Ext. Feb. 8.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/plan-now-for-summer-forages-and-grazing/

Heins, B. 2013. Estimating pasture forage mass for pasture-based dairies. UMN Dairy Ext. July 27.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/grazing-systems/estimating-pasture-forage-mass-for-pasture-based-dairies/

Heins, B. 2013. Innovative renewable energy generation and storage for dairy farms. UMN Dairy Ext. Sep. 28.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/facilities/innovative-renewable-energy-generation-and-storage/

Heins, B. 2013. Supplementation for the grazing cow. UMN Dairy Ext. Dec. 7.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/supplementation-for-the-grazing-cow/

Heins, B. and E. Bjorklund. 2013. Feeding dairy steers on pasture, grain or no-grain? UMN Dairy Ext. Feb. 9.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/feeding-dairy-steers-on-pasture/

Becker, J., B. Heins, and L. Hansen. 2012. Costs for health care of Holstein cows selected for small or large body size. UMN Dairy Ext. Nov. 24.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/health-and-comfort/costs-for-health-care-of-holstein-cows-selected-for-large-or-small-body-size/

Heins, B. 2012. Fly management for organic dairies. UMN Dairy Ext. May 26.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/fly-management-for-organic-dairies/

Heins, B. 2012. Is dairy grazing for you? UMN Dairy Ext. Aug. 25.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/grazing-systems/is-dairy-grazing-for-you/

Heins, B. 2012. You can group feed calves once per day? UMN Dairy Ext. Feb. 25.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/calves-and-heifers/you-can-group-feed-calves-once-per-day/

Hazel, A. and B. Heins. 2011. Track difficult calving to gain profit. UMN Dairy Ext. Jan. 15.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/reproduction-and-genetics/track-difficult-calving-to-gain-profit/

Heins, B. 2011. Profitability of organic farming. UMN Dairy Ext. Sep. 10.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/profitability-of-organic-dairy-farming/

Heins, B. 2011. Reducing grain inputs improves profit for organic dairy. UMN Dairy Ext. March 12.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/reducing-grain-inputs-improves-profit-for-organic-dairy/

Heins, B. 2011. Somatic cell count challenges for WCROC organic farm. UMN Dairy Ext. June 6.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/somatic-cell-count-challenges-for-wcroc-organic-dairy-farm/

Heins, B. 2011. Survival and profitability from the California crossbreeding trials. UMN Dairy Ext. Nov. 26.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/reproduction-and-genetics/survival-and-profitability/

Heins, B. 2010. New Leadership and Research Initiatives at WCROC. UMN Dairy Ext. Dec. 11.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/organic/new-leadership-and-research-initiatives-at-WCROC/

Heins, B., A. Hazel, and L. Hansen. 2010. Update on crossbreeding with Jersey sires. UMN Dairy Ext. Jan. 16.
http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/dairy/reproduction-and-genetics/crossbreeding-with-jersey-sires-update/

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Abstracts

Donnelly, M.R., A.R. Hazel, B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2015. Incidence of health treatments among pure Holsteins of 8 high-performance dairies in Minnesota. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. T23.

Hansen, A., R. Moon, B. Heins, and M. Endres. 2015. Production of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from two alternative winter housing systems for dairy cows. Entomological Soc. of America, Minneapolis, MN. Nov. 15-18.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2015. Montbéliarde × Holstein and Viking Red × Holstein crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins during first lactation in eight high-performance dairies in Minnesota: I. Production. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. 373.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2015. Montbéliarde × Holstein and Viking Red × Holstein crossbreds compared with pure Holsteins during first lactation in eight high-performance dairies in Minnesota: II. Fertility, survival, and conformation. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. 374.

Heins, B.J., A.R. Hazel, and L.B. Hansen. 2015. Fertility and production of 3-breed and third-generation Holstein-sired crossbreds compared with pure Holstein cows in a seasonal pasture production system. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. 376.

Heins, B.J., J.C. Paulson, and H. Chester-Jones. 2015. Evaluation of forage quality of five grains for use in sprouted fodder production systems for organic dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. 64.

Kienitz, M.A.J., B.J. Heins, and H. Chester-Jones. 2015. Growth and behavior of group-fed dairy calves fed once or twice daily in an organic production system. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. M285.

Ruh, K.E., B.J. Heins, and J.C. Paulson. 2015. Forage quality of two different pasture systems incorporating warm and cool season forages for grazing organic dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. M119.

Sjostrom, L.S., B.J. Heins, M.I. Endres, R.D. Moon, and U.S. Sorge. 2015. Evaluation of winter housing systems for effects on production, udder health, BCS, hygiene, frostbite, and rumination of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98 (Suppl. 2). Abstr. 695.

Weyers, S. and B. Heins. 2015. Productivity and nutrient cycling comparisons of perennial and annual forage systems for organic dairy. American Soc. of Agron. Annual Mtg., Minneapolis, MN. Abstr. 292-6.

Hansen, A., R. Moon, B. Heins, M. Endres, C. Sheaffer, U. Sorge, R. King, and S. Weyers. 2014. Production of stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) from wheat straw bedding packs and sawdust compost barns, two alternative cold winter housing systems for dairy cows. Entomological Soc. of America, Portland, OR. Nov. 11-14.

Heins, B.J. and H. Chester-Jones. 2014. Effect of feeding kelp on growth and profitability of group-fed dairy calves in an organic production system. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (E-Suppl. 1):282. Abstr. 561.

Heins, B.J., M.I. Endres, J.C. Paulson, and R.D. Moon. 2014. Effect of organic grain supplementation on production, body weight, body condition score, and fatty acid profiles of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (E-Suppl. 1):159. Abstr. 323.

Paulson, J.C., B.J. Heins and D.G. Johnson. 2014. Seasonal changes in DM, CP, NDF, and NDF digestibility of pasture forage in dairy grazing production systems in Minnesota. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (E-Suppl. 1):159. Abstr. 321.

Sjostrom, L.S., B.J. Heins, M.I. Endres, R.D. Moon, and J.C. Paulson. 2014. Effect of organic grain supplementation on activity and rumination time of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (E-Suppl. 1):281. Abstr. 560.

Sjostrom, L.S., B.J. Heins, M.I. Endres, R.D. Moon, and U.S. Sorge. 2014. Effect of two winter housing systems on production, body weight, somatic cell count, BCS, and dry matter intake of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97 (E-Suppl. 1):295. Abstr. 588.

Bjorklund, E.A. and B.J. Heins. 2013. Comparison of growth of organically raised and conventionally raised dairy-beef steers. 2013 Midwest Organic Farming Conf. Program.

Bjorklund, E.A. and B.J. Heins. 2013. Fatty acid profiles, meat quality, and sensory attributes organic versus conventional dairy-beef. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):356.

Bjorklund, E.A. and B.J. Heins. 2013. Growth measurements, carcass characteristics, and profitability of organic versus conventional dairy-beef steers. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):356.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2013. Fertility, survival, and mortality of Montbeliarde-sired crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins in two research herds. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):469.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2013. Production traits of Montbeliarde-sired crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins in both high-input and low-input research herds. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):469.

Heins, B.J., J.C. Paulson, M.I. Endres, and R.D. Moon. 2013. Effect of organic grain supplementation on pasture and total mixed ration, dry matter intake, and fatty acid profiles of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):662.

Heins, B.J., J.C. Paulson, M.I. Endres, and R.D. Moon. 2013. Effect of organic grain supplementation on production, body weight, body condition score, and profitability of organic dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 96 (E-Suppl. 2):662.

Michels, L.J., S. Godden, B. Heins, J. Lombard, and U.S. Sorge. 2013. Evaluation of udder health parameters of organic and conventional dairy herds in Minnesota. Amer. Assoc. of Bovine Practitioners Conf. Research Summary 3.

Moon, R.D., M.I. Endres, and B.J. Heins. 2013. Do grain supplements for grazing cattle affect face fly and horn fly populations? Entomological Soc. of America, Austin, TX. Nov. 10-13.

Schroth, S.L., B. Stromberg, B. Heins, J. Lombard, and U.S. Sorge. 2013. Comparison of gastrointestinal parasites and management practices on organic and conventional dairy herds in Minnesota. Amer. Assoc. of Bovine Practitioners Conf. Res. Summary 3.

Bjorklund, E.A. and B.J. Heins. 2012. Comparison of growth of organically raised and conventionally raised dairy-beef steers. 2012 Midwest Organic Farming Conf. Program. p. 43.

Bjorklund, E.A. and B.J. Heins. 2012. Growth measurements of organically raised dairy steers compared with conventionally raised dairy steers. J. Dairy Sci. 95 (E-Suppl. 2):84.

Heins, B.J. 2012. An update: Responses of production and mastitis to selection for milk yield with a control population in a pasture production system. J. Dairy Sci. 95 (Suppl. 2):227.

Heins, B.J. and E.A. Bjorklund. 2012. Effect of feeding duration on growth, health, and economics of group-fed dairy calves in an organic production system. J. Dairy Sci. 95 (E-Suppl. 2):474.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, J.C. Becker, and E.A. Bjorklund. 2012. Crossbreds of Holstein with Jersey and Montbeliarde compared to pure Holsteins for 305-d production and mastitis in a pasture production system. J. Dairy Sci. 95 (Suppl. 2):226.

Hazel, A.R., L.B. Hansen, B.J. Heins, and J.G. Linn. 2011. Montbeliarde-sired crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for production, SCS, days open, and survival during their first three lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 94 (E-Suppl. 1):471.

Heins, B.J., D.G. Johnson, and E.A. Bjorklund. 2011. Effect of feeding duration on growth of group fed calves during transition to an organic production system. J. Dairy Sci. 94 (E-Suppl. 1):105.

Becker, J. C., B. J. Heins, G. D. Marx, and L. B. Hansen. 2010. Health treatment rates of Holstein cows selected for large versus small body size. J. Dairy Sci. 93 (E-Suppl. 1):798.

Hazel, A.R., L.B. Hansen, B.J. Heins, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2010. Jersey-sired and Montbeliarde-sired crossbred heifers compared to pure Holstein heifers for survival and fertility from birth to first parturition. J. Dairy Sci. 93 (E-Suppl. 1):470.

Heins, B.J. and L.B. Hansen. 2010. Death rates, survival rates to 5th lactation, and profitability of Normande, Montbeliarde, and Scandinavian Red crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 93 (E-Suppl. 1):470.

Heins, B.J. and L.B. Hansen. 2010. Productivity over five lactations of Normande, Montbeliarde, and Scandinavian Red crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins in commercial dairies in California. J. Dairy Sci. 93 (E-Suppl. 1):470.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2010. Jersey x Holstein crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for calving traits, production, fertility, survival, and udder measurements during the first three lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 93 (Suppl. 1):20.

Attalla, S.A., A.J. Seykora, J.B. Cole, and B.J. Heins. 2009. Estimation of genetic parameters and transmitting ability for Minnesota Johne's milk ELISA test. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):20.

Bloettner, S., M. Wensch-Dorendorf, H.H. Swalve, J. Guehne, B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2009. Brown Swiss x Holstein crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins for body weight, back fat thickness and udder measurements during the first two lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):570.

Bloettner, S., M. Wensch-Dorendorf, H.H. Swalve, J. Guehne, B.J. Heins, and L.B. Hansen. 2009. Brown Swiss x Holstein crossbreds compared to pure Holsteins for production, SCS, milking speed, days to first breeding and days open. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):569.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2009. Montbeliarde-sired crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for body weight, body condition score, hip height, dry matter intake, and production during the first 150 days of first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):568.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2009. Calving traits, gestation length, and birth weight of Montbeliarde sires mated to Holstein or Jersey x Holstein crossbreds. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):568.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2009. Jersey x Holstein crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for fertility and survival during the first three lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):567.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.R. Hazel, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, and J.G. Linn. 2009. Jersey x Holstein crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for production, SCS, and udder measurements during the first three lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 92 (Suppl. 1):567.

Hazel, A.R., B.J. Heins, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, J.G. Linn, and J.E. Romano. 2008. Montbeliarde-sired crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for production, SCS, days open, and body condition score during their first two lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 91 (Suppl. 1):597.

Heins, B.J., A.R. Hazel, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, D.G. Johnson, J.G. Linn, and J.E. Romano. 2008. Jersey x Holstein crossbred cows compared to pure Holstein cows for production, SCS, days open, body condition score, and udder measurements during the first three lactations. J. Dairy Sci. 91 (Suppl. 1):598.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, A.R. Hazel, J.G. Linn, and D.G. Johnson. 2007. Crossbreds of Jersey/Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for production, fertility, and udder traits during first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 90 (Suppl. 1):420.

Johnson, D.G., B.J. Heins, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, and J.G. Linn. 2007. Body weight and condition score of four dairy genetic groups in summer or winter under low-input management. J. Dairy Sci. 90 (Suppl. 1):540.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Crossbreds of Normande/ Holstein, Montbeliarde/ Holstein, and Scandinavian Red/ Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for 305-d production. J. Dairy Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):252.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2006. Crossbreds of Normande/ Holstein, Montbeliarde/ Holstein, and Scandinavian Red/ Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for reproduction and survival. J. Dairy Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):249.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, A.R. Hazel, J.G. Linn, D.G. Johnson, and W.P. Hansen. 2006. Crossbreds of Jersey/Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for production, calving difficulty, stillbirths, and fertility. J. Dairy Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):251.

Heins, B.J., A.R. Hazel, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, J.G. Linn, M.L. Raeth-Knight, and W.P. Hansen. 2006. Crossbreds of Jersey/Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for body weight, dry matter intake, feed efficiency, and body condition score. J. Dairy Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):250.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreds of Normande-Holstein, Montbeliarde-Holstein, and Scandinavian Red-Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for days to first breeding, first service conception rate, days open, and survival. J. Dairy Sci. 88 (Suppl. 1):97.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreds of Normande-Holstein, Montbeliarde-Holstein, and Scandinavian Red-Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for dystocia and stillbirths. J. Dairy Sci. 88 (Suppl. 1):96.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2005. Crossbreds of Normande-Holstein, Montbeliarde-Holstein, and Scandinavian Red-Holstein compared to pure Holsteins for production during the first 150 days of first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 88 (Suppl. 1):95.

Johnson, D., E. Ballinger, J. Linn, M. Rudstrom, L. Hansen, A. Seykora, and B. Heins. 2005. Evaluation of low input dairy farming systems by on-farm research, protyping, and simulation modeling with emphasis on grazing management, seasonal calving, crossbreeding and outwintering. J. Dairy Sci. 88 (Suppl. 1):15.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora. 2004. Comparison of first-parity Holstein, Normande-Holstein crossbred, Montbeliarde-Holstein crossbred and Scandinavian-Holstein crossbred cows for dystocia and stillbirths. J. Dairy Sci. 87 (Suppl. 1):524.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2004. Crossbreds of Normande-Holstein, Montbeliarde-Holstein, and Scandinavian-Holstein compared to Holsteins for production and SCS during the first 150 days of first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 87 (Suppl. 1):41.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2004. Minnesota 4-H Gopher Dairy Camp: A youth learning experience. J. Dairy Sci. 87 (Suppl. 1):385.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2004. Normande-Holstein crossbreds versus Holsteins for conception, days open, calving interval and survival. J. Dairy Sci. 87 (Suppl. 1):535.

Seykora, A.J., B.J. Heins, L.B. Hansen, J.G. Linn, D.G. Johnson, and W.P. Hansen. 2004. Effect of Holstein females carrying Holstein versus Jersey sired calves on subsequent ME Milk, days open and involuntary culling. J. Dairy Sci. 87 (Suppl. 1):527.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2003. Comparison of first-parity Holstein, Holstein-Jersey crossbred, and Holstein-Normande crossbred cows for dystocia and stillbirths. J. Dairy Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):514.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, and A.J. Seykora. 2003. Comparison of Holstein, Holstein-Jersey crossbred, and Holstein-Normande crossbred first-parity cows for milk, fat, and protein production and SCS during the first 150 days of lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):157.

Heins, B.J., A.J. Seykora. L.B. Hansen, J.G. Linn, D.G. Johnson, and W.P. Hansen. 2003. Effect of mating Holstein females to Holstein versus Jersey AI sires on fertility, dystocia, calf weight, and retained placenta. J. Dairy Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):515.

Raeth-Knight, M.L., J.G. Linn, D.G. Johnson, L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, B.J. Heins, and R.M. Templeton. 2003. Performance of Holstein and Holstein-Jersey crossbred heifer calves from birth to 84 days of age. J. Dairy Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):87

Reneau, J.K., A.J. Seykora, B.J. Heins, R.F. Bey, M.I. Endres, and R.J. Farnsworth. 2003. Relationship of cow hygiene scores and SCC. J. Dairy Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):359.

Seykora, A.J. and B.J. Heins. 2002. Evaluating 4-H dairy animals for a combination of type and genetic value for Net Merit dollars. J. Dairy Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):495.

Templeton, R.M., J.G. Linn, A.J. Seykora, and B.J. Heins. 2002. Comparison of Holstein and Holstein-Jersey crossbred heifer calves for body weight, hip height, and average daily gain from birth to 56 days of age. J. Dairy Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):1634.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, and G.D. Marx. 2001. Calving disorders of Holstein cows selected for large versus small body size. J. Dairy Sci. 84 (Suppl. 1):1018.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, and G.D. Marx. 2000. Impact on body weight of divergent selection for body size. J. Dairy Sci. 78 (Suppl. 1):311.

Heins, B.J., L.B. Hansen, A.J. Seykora, and C.W. Wolfe. 1999. Comparison of Kinship Values calculated by the American Jersey Cattle Association and expected future inbreeding calculated by USDA. J. Dairy Sci. 82 (Suppl. 1):315.

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